EASTER ISLAND, CHILE
The South Pole is part of the only landmass on Earth where the sun is continuously up for six months and then continuously down for six months. There’s just one day and one night every year, albeit one very long day and one very long night. Not only that, it also gets pretty chilly too as temperatures can drop as low as −73 °C (−100 °F). Being 2,835 metres (9,301 feet) above sea level doesn’t help. It has been continuously occupied since its construction in 1956 – surprising, as it may well be the most remote place on earth.